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Sille Obelitz Søe

Sille Obelitz Søe

Postdoc

  • Royal School of Library and Information Science

    Søndre Campus, bygn. 4, Njalsgade 76, 2300 København S, Building: 4A-2-73

    Phone: +45 35 32 14 09

The Urge to Detect, the Need to Clarify: Gricean Perspectives on Information, Misinformation, and Disinformationtakes its point of departure in automatic detection of information, misinformation, and disinformation.

It argues that in order to enable automatic detection of information, misinformation, and disinformation conceptual investigation of these notions and especially their interconnections are needed. The Urge to Detect… provides such an investigation based on the questions:

  • How have the notions of information, misinformation, and disinformation, and especially their interconnections, been conceptualized in the literature within philosophy of information?

  • How do the notions of ‘meaning’, ‘truth’, and ‘intention’ shape the conceptualizations of, and affect the interconnections between, information, misinformation, and disinformation?

  • How can ordinary language philosophy, esp. Paul Grice’s Cooperative Principle and theory of meaning, shape a unified conceptualization of the notions of information, misinformation, and disinformation?

The main emphasis are on accounts of information, misinformation, and disinformation, respectively, provided by philosophers and information studies scholars Dretske (1981, 1983, 2008), Floridi (2005a, 2007, 2011b), Fox (1983), and Fallis (2009, 2011, 2014, 2015). The different accounts are examined and evaluated through Carnap’s (1950) method of explication in order to develop a unified conceptualization of information, misinformation, and disinformation within a Gricean framework.

A unified conceptualization of information, misinformation, and disinformation is developed. It consists in three levels. The first level has an overall notion of “Information”- the unspecified conglomerate of all the notions of information. The second level consists in two notions of information: Natural and nonnatural information based on Grice’s distinction between natural and nonnatural meaning. The third level consists in three notions: information as intentional non-misleading, misinformation as unintended misleading, and disinformation as intentional misleading. These three notions are different aspects of nonnatural information and can be either true or false.

Link to Prof. David Bawden's blog post about my dissertation and my defense: https://theoccasionalinformationist.com/2016/06/03/information-misinformation-disinformation-copenhagen-interlude/

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